Periodontal Disease – Causes and Symptoms

Do you have swollen gums and are you profusely in profusely? Do you have purplish or bright red gum that feels tender when you touch?

You might be suffering from periodontal disease.

Periodontal disease, also known as Periodontitis, is a type of gum disease that affects the soft tissues surrounding the gums, as well as the bones that support the teeth. If left untreated, it can result in tooth loss or even worse, and can also cause other serious health problems.

If you have been diagnosed with periodontal disease, you are not alone. Statistics reveal that 80% of adults in the U.S. have had some form of Periodontitis during their lifetime. The gum disease is common, and is usually caused by poor oral hygiene.

Causes of Periodontal Disease

Every time we eat, our mouth is full of bacteria. Along with mucus and other particles, these bacteria continuously form colorless, sticky ‘plaque’ on teeth. Generally plaque forms when sugar and starch in food interact with the bacteria in our mouth. Regular brushing and flossing may remove plaque from your teeth, but it quickly re-forms. Furthermore, plaque buildup on your teeth and mineral content of your saliva can form tartar under the gumline. This not makes plaque more difficult to get rid of, but it also acts as a powerhouse of harmful bacteria. The longer the tarter and plaque remain on your teeth, the more damaging it can be.

Gum Diseases Causes - IZunPharma

To get rid of the bacteria and plaque in the mouth, the cells in our immune system release substances that often inflame and cause damages to the gums, alveolar bone, and periodontal ligaments. This causes swollen and bleeding gums, which is a sign of Gingivitis (the first stage of periodontal disease). Continuous inflammation causes developing pockets between the teeth and gums that fill up with bacteria, tarter and plaque. When these pockets become deep, more bacteria accumulate within them, eventually affecting the tissues and bones under your gums. In severe cases, you may also cause your teeth to loosen. This is a sign of acute Periodontitis.

In this case, you may need to seek expert advice and use PerioPatch, a topical patch designed to provide relief from the signs and symptoms of inflammation caused by Gingivitis and Periodontitis.

Some of the risk factors that may increase the chances of developing periodontal disease are:
– Smoking
– Diabetes
– Medications that tend to reduce the flow of saliva in the mouth
– Hormonal changes in the body, especially in women
– Genetic susceptibility
– Other diseases like AIDS and cancer, and their treatments can also negatively affect the health of your gums, increasing the risk of gum diseases

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

How would you know if you have periodontal disease? Mentioned here are the common signs and symptoms of gum disease:

Periodontal Disease Symptoms - IzunPharma

– Swollen gums that appear bright red or purplish in color
– Bleeding gums and teeth
– Gums that appear tender when touched
– Sensitive teeth
– Loose teeth
– Bad breath
– New gaps building between your teeth
– Gums that recede or pull away from your teeth, making them appear longer than normal
– Problems in biting
– Bad taste in your mouth
– Pus developing between your teeth and gums

While consulting a dentist is the best way to get rid of periodontal diseases, using PerioPatch by Izune Pharmaceuticals may alleviate the signs and symptoms of gum disease.

When to See a Dentist?
Firm and pale pink are signs of healthy gums. If your gums appear swollen, bright red, and bleed easily, or show other symptoms as mentioned above, see your dentist immediately.

Different Forms Of Periodontal Disease And Their Causes

Periodontal disease or gum disease, which can be defined as a progressive disease consisting of various different stages is very common among people around the world. This disease which develops step by step is characterized as having an infection of tissues answerable for supporting the gums and bone supporting the teeth. Different stages of periodontal disease are accountable for causing harm to your oral health on different levels. Yes, that’s right, the more periodontal disease progresses the more harmful it becomes for your gum tissues and teeth.

In the absence of right treatment in the initial stages, it can become slightly difficult for people to control this disease when it progresses to the advanced stages. The disease can result in tooth loss if you fail to give attention to its treatment.

According to reports, this disease remains the primary reason behind tooth loss among people across the globe.

Causes of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease takes place because of the oral bacteria, which remain the sole reason behind the formation of dental plaque- a soft and sticky thing found on the teeth and gums surrounding them.

Periodontal disease kicks off at a time when dangerous toxins contained in bacterial plaque begin to attack tissues across the teeth. Initially, only soft tissues surrounding the teeth are attacked by the oral bacteria. What really happens is the bacteria found in the mouth breeds quickly in the gum resulting in bacterial infection which affects the gum tissues. With the growth of the infection, the bacteria reach deep inside the gum tissues leading to gum inflammation. In such situations, the human body reacts on destroying the tissues affected by bacterial infection and that’s the reason behind receding gums.

Because of that, the pockets formed due to the bacterial infection between the teeth begins to intensify or grow. In addition, to that, the tissues accountable for forming up the jawbone also starts receding which becomes the reason for making the teeth unstable and finally the tooth loss.

Different Forms of Periodontal Disease

There are numerous types of periodontal disease and all of them need to be treated quickly in order to strengthen the affected gum tissues and to save the tooth loss.


One of the most common forms of periodontal disease which are caused by the toxins found in the bacterial plaque is called Gingivitis. In this condition, the oral bacterial attacks the soft tissues which lead to swollen and bleeding gums. Apart from that bad breath and irritation causing reddened gums are other important signs of Gingivitis.

People who have the greater risk of developing this disease and may find it hard to control include people who use steroid, pregnant women, chain-smokers, and those suffering from diabetes.

Gingivitis can be easily treated by taking care of oral hygiene effectively at home which includes proper brushing and regular flossing. In addition, to that, when it comes to obtaining fast results you should opt for gum disease product like PerioPatch developed by Izun – Pharmaceutical company in New York or a professional dental cleaning.

Gingivitis and Periodontitis - IzunPharma


Failure of treating Gingivitis generally results in advancing the disease to a stage called Periodontitis. This happens, when bacterial colonies start to grow rapidly and the toxins produced by oral bacteria starts damaging both soft and hard gum tissues surrounding the teeth. Due to the chronic inflammation that’s is actually caused by toxins produced by bacterial plaque, both gums and teeth are destroyed badly if proper treatment is not taken.

You can control periodontal disease by following proper treatment including both surgical and non-surgical procedures.