Different Forms Of Periodontal Disease And Their Causes

Periodontal disease or gum disease, which can be defined as a progressive disease consisting of various different stages is very common among people around the world. This disease which develops step by step is characterized as having an infection of tissues answerable for supporting the gums and bone supporting the teeth. Different stages of periodontal disease are accountable for causing harm to your oral health on different levels. Yes, that’s right, the more periodontal disease progresses the more harmful it becomes for your gum tissues and teeth.

In the absence of the right treatment in the initial stages, it can become slightly difficult for people to control this disease when it progresses to the advanced stages. The disease can result in tooth loss if you fail to give attention to its treatment.

According to reports, this disease remains the primary reason behind tooth loss among people across the globe.

Causes of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease takes place because of the oral bacteria, which remain the sole reason behind the formation of dental plaque- a soft and sticky thing found on the teeth and gums surrounding them.

Periodontal disease kicks off at a time when dangerous toxins contained in bacterial plaque begin to attack tissues across the teeth. Initially, only soft tissues surrounding the teeth are attacked by oral bacteria. What really happens is the bacteria found in the mouth breeds quickly in the gum resulting in bacterial infection which affects the gum tissues. With the growth of the infection, the bacteria reach deep inside the gum tissues leading to gum inflammation. In such situations, the human body reacts on destroying the tissues affected by bacterial infection and that’s the reason behind receding gums.

Because of that, the pockets formed due to the bacterial infection between the teeth begins to intensify or grow. In addition, to that, the tissues accountable for forming up the jawbone also starts receding which becomes the reason for making the teeth unstable and finally the tooth loss.

Different Forms of Periodontal Disease

There are numerous types of periodontal disease and all of them need to be treated quickly in order to strengthen the affected gum tissues and to save the tooth loss.


One of the most common forms of periodontal disease which are caused by the toxins found in the bacterial plaque is called Gingivitis. In this condition, the oral bacterial attacks the soft tissues which lead to swollen and bleeding gums. Apart from that bad breath and irritation causing reddened gums are other important signs of Gingivitis.

People who have a greater risk of developing this disease and may find it hard to control include people who use steroid, pregnant women, chain-smokers, and those suffering from diabetes.

Gingivitis can be easily treated by taking care of oral hygiene effectively at home which includes proper brushing and regular flossing. In addition, to that, when it comes to obtaining fast results you should opt for gum disease product like PerioPatch developed by Izun or professional dental cleaning.


Failure of treating Gingivitis generally results in advancing the disease to a stage called Periodontitis. This happens, when bacterial colonies start to grow rapidly and the toxins produced by oral bacteria starts damaging both soft and hard gum tissues surrounding the teeth. Due to the chronic inflammation that’s is actually caused by toxins produced by bacterial plaque, both gums and teeth are destroyed badly if proper treatment is not taken.

You can control periodontal disease by following proper treatment including both surgical and non-surgical procedures.